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Environmental Industrial    Environmental Mould-Related Resources

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There are many useful resources on the web for environmental mould-related issues. We provide specific references on our environmental mould-related pages, but the items listed here are all readily downloaded and are unusually helpful. If you want to read more deeply, this is the place to start. In many cases, we provide two links to a document. One link is to the document as we found it, another is to the website that held the link to the document. As websites do get re-arranged from time to time, we usually provide both types of links in an effort to ensure that you can find the information. Please let us know about broken links or new material that you find.

The EPA's IAQ (Indoor Air Quality) Site

The EPA IAQ web site is a great resource. A broad range of topics are covered in great detail and the EPA has summarized its offerings and related topics on a useful resources page. Among our favorite publications are the following. Each of these can be downloaded from the EPA site:
  • Anonymous. Adverse Human Health Effects Associated with Moulds in the Indoor Environment. American College of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2002. This is a well-reasonsed review of the role of moulds in human disease. The document covers hypersensitivity, infection, and mycotoxins.

  • Anonymous. The Inside Story: A Guide to Indoor Air Quality. EPA 402-K-93-007. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency, April 1995. This is an thorough and practical summary that covers all types of indoor pollutants, not just the fungi.

  • Anonymous. Indoor Air Pollution: An Introduction for Health Professionals. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency, April 1998. This document is the doctor-oriented version of the EPA's The Inside Story. It covers much more than just fungi and is very instructive.

  • Anonymous. Should You Have the Air Ducts in Your Home Cleaned? EPA 402-K-97-002. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency, October 1997. The title says it all. Read this before having your ducts cleaned!

  • Anonymous. Building Air Quality: A Guide for Building Owners and Facility Managers. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency, December 1991. A massive publication, but well worth it. Don't be put off by the title--this document has things for homeowners as well. The discussion in Appendix C of Moisture, Mold, and Mildew is quite useful.

  • Anonymous. Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings, EPA 402-K-01-001. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency, March 2001. This document's discussion of sampling strategies is helpful, as are the concrete guidelines for safe ways to proceed with mold remediation (cleanup).

Other General Documents

We found (and find) each of these to be useful. There is often overlap with other documents, but each of these has something else to teach us. Don't overlook the last document and its lessons for how something as simple as paint can be enlisted in your fight against moulds!

  • Mold: Prevention Strategies and Possible Health Effects in the Aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, November, 2005. Downloadable from the CDC's web site, this document is a thorough survey of approaches to flood-damaged buildings.

  • Anonymous. Indoor Air Quality Info Sheet: Mold in my Home: What do I Do?. Berkeley, CA: Indoor Air Quality Section, California Department of Health Services, March 1998. Downloadable from the California Department of Health's IAQ web site, this document is a brief but helpful general review of environmental mould issues. It is especially useful in its explanations of the omnipresent nature of moulds and their ability to return after cleaning.

  • Anonymous. Guidelines on Assessment and Remediation of Fungi in Indoor Environments. New York City, NY: New York City Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology, November 2000. This is another outstanding review article by a local Department of Health, this time from the New York City DOH's Environmental and Occupational Disease Branch. A very thorough discussion of this area from assessment to remediation.

  • Anonymous. Fungal Contamination in Public Buildings: A guide to recognition and management. Health Canada, 1995. Health Canada provided this general survey of the data both for and against diseases caused by enviromental moulds. The document reviews ideas for exposure limits based on data from surveillance studies.

  • Anonymous. Mildew, Technical Bulletin #16. Porter Paints, 1999. Don't laugh! Porter Paints manufactures a series of mildew (fungi)-resistant paints under the tradenames of Portersept®, Acri-Shield®, and Acri-Pro®. This brief but helpful document is available on the Porter Paints website.

Things Specifically About Stachybotrys chartarum

For better or worse, this is the fungus that gets the press. Yes, it makes toxins. But, what do they do? Do they really cause disease of people? We subscribe to the CDC view that the analysis of the Cleveland cases that propelled Stachybotrys into the limelight has some analytical problems and is not consistent with types of symptoms produced by exposure to Stachybotrys toxins in other settings. However, read for yourself and see what you think! For even more details on the great debate, go to the .

  • Anonymous. Questions and Answers on Stachybotrys chartarum and other molds. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, March 2000. View this webpage on the CDC Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch's Asthma website. It is a nice discussion of the true lack of knowledge about Stachybotrys. This document emphasizes the importance of treating all moulds with equal respect.

  • Indoor Air Solutions is an environmental testing firm that provides a useful set of Stachybotrys-related pages. Their views on this topic appear intermediate between those of the CDC and those of Case Western reserve. They also provide a series of case studies with great photos that are also instructive.

  • Case Western Reserve Stachybotrys page. This page starts off with what appears to be a wholesale acceptance of the theory that Stachybotrys causes pulmonary hemorrhage, but then backs off from this strong view when it states that "linkage of Stachybotrys to pulmonary hemorrhage in infants is on the basis of epidemiological data and has not been conclusively demonstrated. Other factors such as environmental tobacco smoke appear to be important triggers in precipitating overt pulmonary hemorrhage." This later view is closer to that supported by the CDC on its Stachybotrys page (see above for link).

Miscellaneous Useful Sites

Finally, these sites each offer a little something else of value.

Interesting Articles on the Web

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